UK-based Cypriot Marios Demetriou, 50, was jailed for six years earlier this week for deceiving people into giving him £1.4m under the pretence that he would sue an NHS trust and police after the brutal murder of his mother.
Rather, Demetriou used the money to fund a lavish lifestyle for his wife and four children, Wood Green crown court heard.
After his 79-year-old mother, Eleftheria Demetriou, was murdered in 2012 when she was stabbed in her North London home 40 times by mentally ill neighbour, Somali-born Hakim Abdillahi who believed she was the antichrist, Demetriou began spreading the word among friends and through media interviews that he would launch legal action for failings to protect his mother against the killer.
According to the Sun, Abdillahihad called police the day before the murder saying he wanted to kill demons
Between January 2012 and January 2018, Demetriou fleeced a sum of almost £840,000 from 72-year-old Elizabeth Phillips, who in addition to being tricked into handing over money for sham civil litigation, Demetriou also fed her lies regarding the need for an urgent medical operation abroad.
Jailing Demetriou, Judge David Aaronberg, QC, told him: ‘’As Ms Phillips set out in her moving statement setting out the depths of your deceit, this fraud has totally shattered her life.”
A further £600,000 was taken under false pretences from friends and relatives, all of whom were told they would be repaid in full after Demetriou would receive large compensation from the lawsuits. Demetriou ultimately used the money to quit his job and to move his family into a listed £3,500-a-month Hertfordshire property, before purchasing expensive holidays, cars, and designer goods. One victim told The Sun: “We were told we would get our money back after he had sued the health authority and police.
“But Demetriou was living it up on our money while pretending it was going to be used to win justice over his mum’s death. The reality was that there was no court case.
“It was all a big con and people have lost their life savings. Using your own mother’s death to steal from your friends is as low as you can get.’’
Only the four private car parks, out of more than 18, which operate in total for the service of Larnaca Airport travelers, appear to be licensed. This is the result of investigating the complaints of Themis Thomas and Associates, which are listed in a three-letter letter to the municipalities and communities adjacent to the airport and within the limits of which the commercial activities of this kind are being developed.
Only the four private car parks, out of more than 18, which operate in total for the service of Larnaca Airport travelers, appear to be licensed.
Mr. Thomas, whom POLITIS spoke to, represents some of the licensed businesses of the kind and, as he said, only four of these sites operate with the required licenses. As we confirmed in conversation with the municipal authorities, the two legal parking spaces are operating in Larnaka Municipality and the other two in the Municipality of Dromolaxia-Meneu. In Dromolaxia-Meneu there is a licensing process and a third parking space, which has been operating illegally. All licensed developments have town planning permission by derogation. In the Municipality of Aradippou, as the mayor has confirmed, no such license has been issued nor has it been found to operate illegally a parking space that would serve air travellers during their short absence abroad.
In the Municipality of Aradippou, as the mayor has confirmed, no such license has been issued
Mayor Kiti said there was no approved-licensed parking, nor did he say he is aware of an illegal operation and referred us to the provincial administration, which grants the building permits. From the office of the Larnaca District Office we learned that no such permission for such a parking space has been issued, so if such spaces are operating in the community boundaries of the Larnaca Village or Tersefanou, in the nearest villages of the airport, they will not be licensed. Hermes Airports, as the POLITIS knows, does not know the status of these companies. From the office of the Larnaca District Office we learned that no such permission for such a parking space has been issued, so if such spaces are operating in the community boundaries of the Larnaca Village or Tersefanou, in the nearest villages of the airport, they will not be licensed. Hermes Airports, as the POLITIS knows, does not know the status of these companies. From the office of the Larnaca District Office we learned that no such permission for such a parking space has been issued, so if such spaces are operating in the community boundaries of the Larnaca Village or Tersefanou, in the nearest villages of the airport, they will not be licensed. Hermes Airports, as the POLITIS knows, does not know the status of these companies.
So, Mr Thomas’s information, which in his letter, addressed not only to local authorities but also to state agencies, calls for the enforcement of the order to counter the phenomenon is intersecting. The letter is also addressed to the Commission for the Protection of Competition for a complaint about unfair competition between legal and unlawful enterprises whereby the former invest and have all the required specifications and the second ones are speculating without having any obligation. Thomas explains that unlicensed parking facilities pick up the private cars of unsuspecting citizens after telephone conversation and then carry them to their allegedly approved parking areas, which are “other than observed spaces or areas belonging to unsuspecting citizens and exploited by third parties. Please note, “Thomas said in the same letter,” that there have been several incidents of damage, theft, but also misuse of property. ” Please note that businesses offering this service, whether they are picking up airport travelers or their customers, leave them at their premises and transfer them to the airport. They also offer other services such as car washing. whether they are picking up airport travelers or leaving their customers at their premises and transporting them to the airport. They also offer other services such as car washing. whether they are picking up airport travelers or leaving their customers at their premises and transporting them to the airport. They also offer other services such as car washing.
Five cars were burned – This is a security issue
However, following the letter from the law firm, all the local authorities addressed by Mr Thomas have been alarmed and have begun an investigation to find out whether there are parking facilities of this kind that are not licensed at their borders.
Another serious issue posed by the lawyer in his letter is the issue of security. As he explains, “no security is provided to private cars transported to these car parks, but at the same time remains security of the airport. As he explains, “perimeter of the fenced parking area of Larnaca Airport has become an intervention by unauthorized parking garages, creating large openings in order to be able to penetrate undisturbed and carry out their illegal activity. The site remains exposed by giving access to anyone. ” From time to time, he notes, his clients made complaints, but without the bosses to bother to answer.
Referring to a specific incident, Mr. Thomas notes that a car was fired in a non-licensed parking area across from Larnaca Airport. “Initially, the fire started off a vehicle without knowing the real reason, since all the illegal sites did not respond to the security measures they should have, such as providing security systems, monitoring, etc. Then the fire was transported to adjacent vehicles, resulting in the total destruction of five “. This parking area is also close to a fuel storage area, he points out.
NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — A two-month search for the victims of a confessed serial killer in Cyprus came to a close Wednesday when divers discovered the decomposing body of his youngest victim in a lake.
The discovery of the remains of the girl, believed to be 6-year-old Sierra Grace, brings to an end the search that began when an army captain confessed to killing seven foreign women and girls on April 25.
Fire Department Chief Marcos Trangolas told The Associated Press that the remains, which were wrapped in a bed sheet and tied by rope to a cement block, were found among reeds six meters (20 feet) down the lake that was part of a former copper pyrite mine.
He said divers had searched the exact spot where the 35-year-old suspect pointed to investigators earlier Wednesday while on site. Police have said they’ve found no evidence to suggest the suspect has killed anyone else, but investigators are still trying to track down anyone who had been in contact with him online.
The army officer, who police haven’t formally identified yet, had been in contact with several of his victims through online chat rooms. He is widely acknowledged to be Cyprus’ first serial killer. The chance discovery of the body of Sierra Grace’s mother, Mary Rose Tiburcio, 38, down a flooded mineshaft on April 14 triggered an investigation that led to the suspect through his online communications with the Filipino woman with whom he had had a six-month relationship.
The body of Arian Palanas Lozano, 28, also from the Philippines, was found down the same shaft six days later.
The killings took place over 2-½ years starting in September 2016 with the disappearance of 36-year-old Romanian Livia Florentina Bunea, and her 8-year-old daughter Elena Natalia. Their bodies were found inside suitcases at the bottom of a toxic lake that was part of another copper pyrite mine.
Another body, believed to belong to Ahita Khadka Bista from Nepal, was found down a dry well in a military firing range. The suspect is due to appear in court Friday, but it’s unclear whether investigators will ask for another custody extension or formally charge him.
Bunea and her daughter will be buried Thursday in a village outside the capital Nicosia. The Cyprus government has said it will cover the funeral and burial expenses of all the victims.
Stanley Brodie QC has written an article where he details that the UK, has legally left the EU as of the 29th of March 2019 and he explains that not only is that clear in law, but also that the way the law was presented to Parliament was illegally modified.
Whichever way one looks at it, the Agreement was either unlawful or made for an unlawful purpose or ultra vires .That means that the UK left the EU on the 29th March 2019 by default as there was no valid or lawful impediment to prevent it.
The Treaties shall cease to apply to the State in question from the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement or, failing that, two years after the notification referred to in paragraph 2, unless the European Council, in agreement with the Member State concerned, unanimously decides to extend this period.
The proviso could not be used to reopen, or continue, never ending debate. Nor can it be used as a general power to extend time.
The Article 50 period is set at 2 years unless, as provided for in Article 50 “the European Council, in agreement with the Member State concerned, unanimously decides to extend [it]”.
So the version put out by the civil servants was false. The differences in meaning between the two versions were considerable.
So the civil servants responsible for briefing parliament to enable an informed debate to take place, themselves were misleading it. The alteration of the text of Article 50, and of the proviso to paragraph 3, must have been deliberate.
This is a truly alarming state of affairs; it should be exposed sooner rather than later.
Stating the outcome shortly, it would seem to be as follows:
(i) The application by the Prime Minister for an extension of time until June 30th under the proviso to Article 50, made on or about the 14th March 2019, was legally valid, but was rejected by the EU.
(ii) This was followed by the Agreement proposed by the EU. It did not comply with the terms of the proviso; nor was Article 50 referred to or relied on by the EU. It was not effective to stop the Article 50 process running up to and including the 29th March at 11 p.m. Whichever way one looks at it, the Agreement was either unlawful or made for an unlawful purpose or ultra vires .That means that the UK left the EU on the 29th March 2019 by default as there was no valid or lawful impediment to prevent it.
This should come as no surprise to anyone who has taken an objective view of the entire EU experiment. The British public were led in the EEC with lies, by Edward Heath and Margaret Thatcher, because they knew that the people would not support the real agenda behind joining.
We were lied to again and again, whilst the political classes pushed ahead with their agenda for ever closer union, in total contempt of the people.
Read the full article written by Stanley Brodie QC
Most Europeans believe that the European Union will collapse within 20 years, raising the prospect of new conflicts and wars on the continent. This is the conclusion of the Berlin-based think-tank, the European Council on Foreign Relations, having carried out polls in 14 EU member states. Younger voters, aged 18 to 34, were especially worried about the prospect of war between current EU countries.
The belief that the EU will disintegrate within two decades is an entirely rational one. The union bears many of the hallmarks of an empire in decay: it has over-extended its borders; it is attracting more outsiders than it desires or can accommodate; it has too many leaders; it has emerging nativist movements; and its poor are growing ever-more angry and resentful towards the political establishment.
However, the second belief – that war between former nations will ensue – is unfounded. There is no appetite among EU member states for another European conflict, and no signs of animosity between nation states on the continent, as there clearly were prior to 1914 and 1939. The only hostility evident today is directed against the EU and Germany’s leadership itself.
The First World War was on the cards ever since 1871, with the unification of Germany, a country that was soon going to dominate the continent as France continued its long decline.
Ever since the Napoleonic wars, Britain had made it policy that no single nation should ever again dominate Europe, and by the 1900s Britain and Germany were in an open naval arms race. There was also by then a general desire for war among the populaces, as personified by the cult of Nietzsche and, as Robert Wohl wrote in The Generation of 1914 (1980), the belief that European culture was decadent and needed ‘purification’.
The signs were even more obvious in the 1930s, with Nazi Germany’s re-occupation of the Ruhr, the re-militarisation of the Rhineland, and then the invasion of Czechoslovakia and Poland. By 1936, Orwell observed, it was clear to most that a forthcoming war was inevitable.
There are no comparable signs today. If anything, the case is the opposite. The defining aspect of Europe’s nationalist and populist movements is not that they represent growing animosity between nations, but rather that they embody a pan-European alliance among like-minded nationalists. Last Saturday, Matteo Salvini, the Italian populist deputy prime minister, held a rally in Milan attended by leading members of 10 different parties across the continent. One by one they took to the stage to denounce immigration and to denounce Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, and the French president Emmanuel Macron as ‘destroyers of Europe’.
The real prospect of war on the continent comes not with the disintegration of the EU, but with its continued existence. There may not be any tangible appetite among other EU members for seceding from the Union, but there is clearly something wrong with the model. If it is to survive it will have to become more federated or decentralised or two-tier, otherwise the likes of Salvini or Hungary’s Viktor Orbán will flourish and multiply. But the EU’s ideological leaders are so wedded to ever-closer union that it’s hard to see this happening.
The EU made it as difficult as possible for the UK to leave, with the view of setting an example to other members. Any future member that wants to leave, when the decadent and decrepit Union has become more reactionary, centralised and oppressive, and its members even more discontent, may ultimately have to take stronger measures. Remember Yugoslavia.
Most Europeans believe the EU could fall apart within the next two decades, according to a new study.
Research published this week showed that levels of support for membership of the European Union are high – but so is pessimism about the future of the bloc. The survey, conducted by the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) and YouGov, had more than 60,000 respondents across 14 EU member states.
It found that in every member state except Spain, the majority of voters believe the EU will fall apart within the next 10 to 20 years.
In France, 58% of respondents said it was realistic that the bloc would collapse within two decades, with 57% of Italian and Polish voters agreeing to that. Even in Spain, 40% of respondents said it was a realistic possibility that the EU could fall apart. The data showed that most Europeans saw the collapse of the single market as the biggest loss should the EU break down, followed by free travel across borders and the freedom to live and work in other countries.
A European war?
Significant proportions of people surveyed also said a war between EU countries was a realistic possibility over the next decade. Austrians were most likely to believe a European war was possible, with 38% saying it could happen within 10 years, followed by 35% of French respondents and 31% of Romanians. The belief was also particularly strong among younger people. In Austria and Romania, half of those aged between 18 and 24 believed a war between EU members was possible, while 46% of the youngest respondents in France agreed.
According to the report, there was a greater tendency to hold this belief among supporters of far-right parties, particularly Rassemblement National in France, the Freedom Party of Austria, the Party for Freedom in the Netherlands, Jobbik in Hungary, and Golden Dawn in Greece. However, many who supported mainstream parties also thought a European war was possible within 10 years, the study found.
Across all the countries included in the survey, a minority of voters said they believed young people had more economic opportunities than older generations.
There was also a widespread insecurity among respondents that they were doing less well financially than people living in other EU nations. In Greece, more than 70% of people felt they had fewer economic opportunities than people in other European countries, while just over half of respondents in Romania, Spain and Italy believed they had an economic disadvantage.
Respondents in Denmark and Sweden were the least likely to hold the same views.
The Cyprus Hotel Association is pressing MPs to pass a bill regulating Airbnb type rentals that has been on the table for nearly a year to combat what hoteliers consider as unfair competition.
CYPRUS PROPERTY NEWS REPROTS: HOTELIERS are pressing for legislation to be introduced that would regulate tourist accommodation booked via sites like Airbnb, as they deem it ‘unfair competition’.
With competition between hotels and Airbnb accommodation in Cyprus on the rise, the Cyprus Hotel Association (CHA) is calling on MPs to pass a bill which has been on the table since May 2018. The proposed legislation tabled by ruling DISY leader Averof Neophytou and EDEK MP Elias Myrianthous want Airbnb-listed accommodation included on a register, subjected to tax, while obligated to undergo health and safety inspections.
Cypriot MPs told the Financial Mirror that they are aware of the urgency of the matter and are “putting the final touches to the legislation before bringing it before the plenary”. The bill is currently being discussed at the House Commerce Committee, with MPs scrutinising the finer details. “An issue raised by fellow MPs who argued that apartments on platforms such as Airbnb, could only be included on an official register if owners have the approval of other residents in the building, has been overcome.
“We have agreed on a formula with which owners of such flats will need the consent of the building’s management committee, before letting them out,” Myrianthous said.
He said the legislation will enable the state to monitor and perform health and safety checks on these types of accommodations, while owners will be subjected to tax. EDEK’s Myrianthous had said in October, that the state is losing revenue that it could receive through licensing rights stressing that some 40,000 properties are not licensed. He noted that there are around 20,000 illegal villas and dwellings, with most owners interested in acquiring a license. According to official data, hotel beds in Cyprus amount to 83,000. It is estimated that one-third of tourists arriving in Cyprus seek accommodation in non-registered units.
Talking to the Financial Mirror, Zacharias Ioannides, director general of the Cyprus Hotel Association said that legislation must go ahead as soon as possible as hotels have made serious investments. According to data provided by the land registry in October, new hotels, refurbishments and expansion projects have multiplied by eight times in the first seven months of 2018, compared to the same period in 2017. From January to July 2018, hotel projects covering 83,000 square meters were licensed, compared to just 10,000 sqm in 2017 – the 730% increase also accounts for one-third of the licenses for new building projects.
“Expected investments in the hotel industry include the construction of new hotel units island-wide while existing hotels have increased their bed capacity and upgraded their services,” said Ioannides.
He said that investments in question were made in order to meet demand created by the increase in the number of tourists arriving in Cyprus, however, hoteliers feel that owners of apartments should be on a level playing field. “Hoteliers who have significantly invested in upgrading their product and pay a significant amount of taxes to the state are currently subjected to strict regulations, while Airbnb has been excluded so far from these obligations,” Ioannides told the Financial Mirror. Global trend Acknowledging that accommodation options offered by platforms such as Airbnb and Booking.com are a global trend, Ioannides added that the market should, however, be regulated so as to do away with unfair competition especially at a time when Cyprus tourism is under pressure from rival destinations. He argued that regulating the Airbnb market is also important as it would introduce safety and health checks for accommodation which currently is not obliged to follow any rules. “Currently Airbnb is not subjected to any kind of control, which may endanger the health of tourists, and in turn endanger the good name of Cyprus’ tourism product. A name which the tourist industry on the island has fought for years to build.” Chrisemily Psilogeni, President of the Association of Cyprus Tourist Enterprises said they have been campaigning for the legislation as there will be control over “residencies which are currently operating illegally, without any license and not subject to any checks, causing damage to our tourist product, while depriving income from the Cypriot economy.”
“We are not opposed to modern trends, but we claim legitimacy and defend the rights of hundreds of businesses that have been working for decades under adverse conditions, trying to maintain a high standard in the tourist services,” said Psilogeni.
Meanwhile, Airbnb has the potential to benefit Cyprus tourism says an academic who has been monitoring the platform’s performance in Cyprus. UCLAN lecturer in Innovation and Entrepreneurship Fanos Tekelas said that while the island’s tourism is under pressure from competition from cheaper destinations in the region such as Turkey and Egypt, tourist accommodations promoted on platforms such as Airbnb can attract tourists who prefer to spend more on activities during their holidays rather than on accommodation. “We are not a cheap destination. There are no sponsored packages for tourists heading for Cyprus, while other destinations in the region have cheaper airfares and lower accommodation costs,” explained Tekelas.
Understanding that this type of accommodation is in competition with hotels who have spent millions in renovations and upgrades, Tekelas said that tourists opting for Airbnb accommodation, are not attracted by five-star hotels, but rather are looking to spend their time and money creatively. “On the negative side of things, a number of Airbnb accommodation owners live overseas, and that might not only pose as a tax challenge but also see revenue otherwise set to stay within the country, find its way abroad. The only way to totally do away with tax evasion and loss of revenue is to ban such platforms in Cyprus entirely. That I believe would prove disastrous for our tourism,” said the UCLan lecturer.
Acknowledging that owners of such accommodation have a lot of scope for tax evasion, Tekelas suggested that all such accommodation should be subjected to a yearly license fee, rather than being taxed on the number of tourists accommodated or rooms. According to the Airbnb platform, visitors who used short-term lettings in Cyprus reached 120,000 from 125 different countries in 2017-2018, while this number is expected to rise significantly.
Airbnb has revolutionised the way that people are travelling, finding accommodation and even the type of accommodation the seek. It has never been easier to search for a large property for a large party, or to find a remote Cottage, not to mention the impact it has had on those wishing to make their properties available for rent. Those wishing to spend some or most of their time away from home, are now able to receive an income from their property, without the risks of a longer term tenant.
The competition from Airbnb is also a good thing as it keeps other forms of accommodation, such as Hotels looking over their should and making more effort, which is good for everyone. However, as usual, people at the top of any industry, always want to pull up the ladder and prevent competition, which should not be a reason to introduce legislation.
One factor that could and should be implemented for Airbnb providers is compulsory public liability insurance. As it stands, Airbnb does not enforce this, even if it gets a mention in the Terms and Conditions, it must be MANDATORY, it must be with an ACCREDITED INSURER and it should be produced PRIOR to any bookings being taken.
Junior justice minister Mark Harbers has indicated he expects to resign, following the publication of police figures which ‘hid’ the number of asylum seekers suspected of serious crimes. Harbers said in a written statement to MPs that the mistake was his responsibility and that he wishes to debate the issue in parliament before ‘drawing his own conclusions’ – a euphemism for stepping down. It is unclear when the debate will take place.
The figures, which were published last week, included suspicions of rape (4) and murder (31) under the heading ‘other’. Harbers was then accused of attempting to hide the figures. Harbers said that the ministry had been warned not to come up with a top 10 crimes for which asylum seekers were suspects because that meant serious crime would be hidden. However, civil servants had not taken that advice, Harbers said. Harbers told MPs he now wants to be fully transparent about the figures ‘because this is the only way to maintain support for the cabinet’s refugee policy’.
physical abuse, threatening behaviour and a further 1,000 incidents listed as ‘other
Fake refugees The figures showed ‘fake’ asylum seekers who come from so-called safe countries, namely Morocco and Algeria, were responsible for almost half the 4,600 incidents requiring police intervention. While most cases involved shoplifting or pickpocketing, police also registered cases of physical abuse, threatening behaviour and a further 1,000 incidents listed as ‘other’.
The Telegraaf reported on Thursday morning this total included 79 potential sex crimes, including 47 cases of sexual assault, five allegations of child abuse and four alleged rapes plus a string of other violent offences. The figures do not make it clear how many cases eventually went to court and how many asylum seekers were convicted.
This is not an exception, it is the norm. The political classes are FULLY AWARE of the implications of uncontrolled immigration on crime, social cohesion and moral panic, but they are doing their utmost to hide it. The current obsession with so called ‘Fake News’ is not about protecting the public from lies, it is to protect themselves from the truth.
In this instance, one of my favourite quotes leaps to mind.
Do not hurt me with lies, because I can destroy you with the truth!
The Cyprus Mail: The government is taking measures to raise awareness about animal welfare and to improve living conditions of animals, Agriculture Minister Costas Kadis has said. The minister announced the release of three more video clips on animal welfare that aim to raise awareness about micro-chipping dogs, adopting shelter dogs, and neutering and spaying cats.
In one video clip a boy loses his dog, which ends up in a shelter because it didn’t have a microchip. Another video clip stresses the importance of adopting dogs from shelters and the third one, aiming to raise awareness on cat neutering and spaying, shows a couple abandoning kittens born by their cat in a field.
“It is imperative to change the way many people treat animals. Such information campaigns contribute in this direction,” Kadis said.
He said an effort is underway in cooperation with the Game and Wildlife Fund and the Cyprus Hunters’ Federation for the obligatory registration of hunting dogs, including their microchipping, during the procedure of issuing hunting permits.
“This measure is expected to contribute substantially to the reduction of stray dogs as well as to the phenomenon of dog theft.”
At the same time, he said, the agriculture ministry has developed a single database in which veterinarians have to add the microchip number of each animal as they install it. Kadis said his ministry is currently in consultations in the Veterinary Association to implement a dog micro-chipping programme at a very low price to offer an incentive to owners to microchip their dogs and gradually reduce the problem of strays.
A cat neutering and spaying programme has been successfully implemented for the second consecutive year in collaboration with animal welfare organisations, he said, adding that this programme is improving year after year and that his ministry intends to continue it. He also referred to the government bill aimed at amending the law on dogs, which, he said, introduces new provisions for better living conditions of dogs. Among other things, the bill forbids keeping dogs permanently tied to a chain and keeping them on roofs and balconies.
“An important provision of this law is that there are incentives to neuter and spay dogs and reduce their uncontrolled breeding. At the same time, harsh fines are being introduced on pollution and nuisance,” he said.
A public consultation is currently underway on the bill.
The minister also said that state funding to animal welfare organisations has been doubled and that he would table to cabinet within the coming days a proposal on further supporting organisations that also have animal shelters to meet the conditions of the new law.
Although an increasing number of people in Cyprus have begun to care about animals, generally, they are not treated well. There is a big problem with stray Cats, that roam the streets in huge numbers, although many do find regular sources of food, many do not. The problem with this is that lost of them are actually rounded up and mistreated, dumped or attacked. There is also an issue with Dogs, many people take on a Dog to use for hunting, but when they have finished with it, they dump it, or mistreat it. The majority of people in Cyprus keep Dogs tied up day and night and rarely take them for a walk.
There is an urgent need for people to learn to respect animals and an even greater need for those who abuse them to be prosecuted.