Will the property market slow even further ahead of Brexit?
- With 29 days until Brexit deadline, October could be a crunch month for housing
- A deal with the EU could spark a flurry of sales as market breathes a sigh of relief
But some experts are warning of a 10 per cent drop if things go the other way
The UK housing market has been in the brace position since the EU referendum three years ago.
It has been a bumpy ride for the most part. Prices have ground to a halt in some parts of the country, while they have soared ahead in others.
A report by Nationwide yesterday showed overall prices were up just 0.2 per cent on last year.
It is the tenth month in a row that annual house prices have grown by less than 1 per cent. But the crash-landing many fear has yet to come.
Is the mood turning in the hotspots?
In 1799 William Wordsworth fell in love with a small cottage in Grasmere while on a walking tour of the Lake District and it was there he wrote his ode Home At Grasmere.
More than 200 years on and his eye for the property market has proven to be sound. South Lakeland, which includes the village of Grasmere, saw house prices soar by 8.1 per cent in the year to July, despite plummeting stocks elsewhere.
The region is one of those proving resilient while others flap in the face of Brexit turbulence. But the mood may be about to turn.
Local estate agents Armitstead Barnett recently ran an advertising campaign under the slogan ‘summer is still here but winter is near’.
It might not be Wordsworth but the message is stark. Even agents in growth areas are beginning to worry.
Wait-and-see rules for cautious Brits…
Three million Britons say they have put off buying a home because of Brexit, according to figures published by Royal London this week.
Andrew Holmes, head of residential sales at Armitstead Barnett, says: ‘We’ve seen a flattening of the market.
New instructions have been slower, sales have been slower and people are just being a little more cautious. They don’t want to overexpose themselves to Brexit. October is supposed to be a tipping point.’
Some agents say it is only in the past few weeks that they have started to feel the pinch. Doncaster has seen a 3.6 per cent growth in house prices, but Mark Hunter, partner at Grice & Hunter, says business in the town has ‘ground to a halt’.
He points to the bullish attitude of Boris Johnson in No 10, which is ‘starting to concentrate people’s minds’.
As October 31 draws closer and a possible end to the uncertainty — deal or no deal — is in sight, it seems to make sense for people to hold out for that bit longer.
But Mr Hunter warns that approach is fraught with danger. ‘Should we crash out [of the EU without a deal], there could be serious implications,’ he says. ‘It’s hard to say how far prices would fall but there’s no point in talking it up.’
…But families still need homes
Not everyone believes October will be make-or-break. Parts of the market have proven immune to Westminster wranglings and many hope that will continue.
Mid-market moves for families facing a change in circumstance remain strong. If you need to move closer to a school, or make room for a new arrival, Brexit is largely irrelevant. There are those who can’t afford to ‘wait and see’ and need to get on with their lives.
Indeed, the Nationwide report highlighted the fact that while the number of homes changing hands has gone down, buyer demand remains relatively stable.
Agents Jackson-Stops operates in the mid-to-upper end of the market in Norfolk. Its average property price is £650,000 and it tends to deal in period properties, farm or country houses.
Manager Jonathan Weeks admits there are fewer properties on the market and a limited pool of buyers but that those who are active are serious about getting a deal.
‘The viewings have dropped but the ratio of viewings to offers is very good,’ he says. ‘It’s a classic estate agents’ phrase, but people getting divorced keep us in business.
‘Downsizers looking to retire in the countryside aren’t so motivated. The so-called ‘romantic side’ of the business has slowed. They want to move but there is no time pressure, so why not wait until Brexit blows over?
‘But people who are moving out of necessity will continue to do so, and they are getting a fair price.’
In Nottingham, house prices have risen steadily at 2.6 per cent. Chartered surveyor David Hammond says turnover in the lower end of the market is healthy. ‘People will continue to move out of rented accommodation or mum and dad’s house,’ he says.
Pockets that buck the trend
Pockets of the country appear totally unshaken by Brexit.
Yorkshire and The Humber recorded the highest annual price growth at 3.2 per cent to July this year. Close behind is the North-West, where prices increased by 2.3 per cent.
Malvern Hills in Worcestershire recorded a house price growth of 8.3 per cent.
It has been spurred on by its affordability, proximity to Worcester and Birmingham and opportunities for ‘a traditional English lifestyle’. The mood there is one of unbridled optimism.
‘Malvern is a hotspot at the moment,’ says Colin Townsend, chartered surveyor at John Goodwin.
‘We’ve been expecting a slowdown for a long time, but we’re doing so many viewings across all sectors of the market. There isn’t any evidence that people don’t want to make a decision this year.’
Mr Townsend believes Malvern has benefited from its position in the market. With an average house price of £273,698, it is not as expensive as the nearby Cotswolds or Cheltenham.
That has made it fertile ground for a range of clients, from local entrepreneurs, first-time buyers and downsizers to commuters.
But it is Devon that has seen the most startling growth. North Devon saw house prices soar by 14.8 per cent, the biggest in England.
Mike Adey, residential officer at Greenslade Taylor Hunt, says the region has profited from people seeking a new lifestyle away from the big cities. Renovations are particularly popular, he adds.
‘While I expect it to be quieter during the Brexit period, people need to get on with their lives,’ he says. ‘We live in a lovely part of the world and, hopefully, people continue to want to live here.’
The largest annual price growth by country was recorded in Wales, up by 4.2 per cent over the year to July.
Don’t forget the stamp duty
London has fared particularly poorly since the referendum. House prices have dropped by 1.4 per cent in the past year.
This is largely because prices have had farther to fall in the capital after years of rapid growth before the 2007-08 financial crisis.
Its boroughs account for five of the ten worst performing regions. Newham has seen house prices fall by as much as 9.6 per cent.
Camden is an outlier, recording a growth of 9.5 per cent. But it still costs an average of £477,813 to buy a house in London — more than twice the UK average of £232,710.
John King, chairman of Andrew Scott Robertson, which operates around Wimbledon and Merton in South-West London, says the market has dropped by about 35‑40 per cent in terms of sales.
He accepts Brexit has played its part but says stamp duty has also been a factor. New rules in 2014 pushed up the cost of moving for anyone buying a house worth more than £937,500.
But even those purchasing properties worth £500,000, not far off the average property price in London, face a £15,000 tax bill.
Receipts from stamp duty fell last year for the first time in a decade, according to figures released yesterday by HMRC.
Revenue from the duty fell by 7 per cent to £11.9 billion up to April 2019 because of the UK’s slowing housing market.
Mr King’s greatest fear, however, is not the outcome of the Brexit negotiations but that of an imminent General Election.
Labour has called for a ‘progressive property tax’, which would see owners charged more if they invested more into their home.
It is also looking at slashing the inheritance tax threshold.
‘If we see a Labour victory, that could frighten people and they will be heading for Europe,’ warns Mr King.
‘It’s undermining the confidence in the market, particularly for families who have potential inheritance decisions to make.
‘That is probably the biggest factor in the market at the moment. Clients are more worried about a Labour government carrying out those policies. It is frightening them.’
Prepare for turbulence!
One agent in Chesterfield warns in the latest Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors survey that continued political instability will cause house prices to fall by 10 per cent. The report is full of surveyors echoing those concerns.
Mr Hunter says we are ‘moving into a period which, in terms of the economy and property markets, could be one of the most influential in living memory’. Others put it bluntly: ‘Politics, Brexit,’ says one.
But it is impossible to find a consensus. Mr King says that while he has seen prices drop by 5 per cent, he doubts they will fall much further.
‘It will just bump along,’ he says. Mr Hammond is less blasé. ‘We are not prepared for a No Deal,’ he says. ‘The only thing we are prepared for is chaos.’
So for now, the general message appears to be: fasten your seatbelts and prepare for turbulence.